Private Sector Land market Decision Agents as Targets of Flood Plain Policy

November 1987 (VOL. 5, NO. 3)

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This article examines the influence of floodplain land use policy on land market decisions of three private sector decision makers--owners of vacant land, developers, and building owners. It is based on a mail survey of 312 such decision makers in 10 cities across the United States. Our findings imply that floodplain programs, with their emphasis on floodproofing, have a significant effect on the extent to which new structures built in the floodplain are protected from future flood damage, but less effect on decisions to buy vacant land, develop property, or occupy structures in floodplains in the first place.