New Social Movements and Resource Mobilization: The European and the American Approach

August 1986 (VOL. 4, NO. 2)

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In the past 20 years, student movements, environmental movements, women\\'s movements and peace movements developed both in America and in Europe. These actions meant an explosive growth in the number of publications about social movements. Theory formation took a different course in Europe and in the U.S. While in the U.S. resource mobilization theory shifted attention from deprivation to the availability of resources in explanation of the rise of social movements, in Europe the \\"new social movement approach\\" emphasized the development of postindustrial society. Resource mobilization and the new social movement approach are discussed.