The Transformation of Community Consciousness: The Effects of Citizens\\' Organizations on Host Communities

November 1991 (VOL. 9, NO. 3)

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We compare two citizens\\' organizations and find that mobilization enhanced community solidarity to the point that a collective change of consciousness occurred. We suggest that the effects of a citizens\\' organization on the host community are significantly determined by three factors: the degree of premobilization integration of the community; the presence of economic constraints made salient by the mobilization issue; and the extent to which the issue cuts across existing political cleavages. We conclude that the study of emergent citizens\\' groups in disasters is enhanced by using a social movements perspective.