Evacuation as Population Mobility

November 1983 (VOL. 1, NO. 3)

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An analytical perspective is used to examine the relationship of human evacuation and migration. The first part of the paper focuses on the variables of distance, permanence and volunteerism used to distinguish evacuation from migration, to point that the lack of interest in evacuation by students of migration, partly on the basis of the assumed clearcut differences in these three dimensions, is unwarranted. The second part of the paper identifies three models which would provide a basis for a synthesis of the two types of geographical mobility: evacuations and migrations as residential displacements, as the result of subjective decision-making processes triggered by stressors, and as instances of collective behavior.