Article Index

Special Issue

Authors
Michael K. Lindell, Ronald W. Perry
Issue
August 1991
Description
Evacuation Research: Theory and Applications

Special Issue: The Iben Browning Earthquake Prediction

Authors
John. E. Farley
Issue
November 1993
Description
Public, Media, and Institutional Responses to the Iben Browning Earthquake Prediction.

State Emergency Management Agencies’ Hazard Analysis Information on the Internet

Authors
William G. Sanderson, Michael K. Lindell, Seong Nam Hwang
Issue
March 2001
Description
This study examined hazard analysis information on state emergency management agencies’ (SEMAs’) Internet Web sites. The results showed that 3 of the 51 SEMAs’ in the United States did not have Web sites accessible to the public, and another 13 provided no hazard analysis information on their Web sites. Among those that do provide information about hazards, most address relatively few of the hazards to which their states are vulnerable. Moreover, there is a poor correspondence of the hazards agents addressed on SEMA Web sites with either long-term vulnerability determined from hazard maps or recent impacts defined by federal major disaster declarations. This suggests that states are missing a major opportunity to educate local emergency managers and the public about the hazards to which they are vulnerable. Several recommendations are made for improving the content and format of hazard analysis information on SEMAs’ Web sites.

State of the Art In Evacuation Time Estimate Studies for Nuclear Power Plants

Authors
Thomas Urbanik
Issue
November 1994
Description
The purpose of evacuation as a protective action at nuclear power plants is to remove people from areas potentially affected by wind-borne radioactive material. A reason for conducting evacuation time estimate studies is to aid decision makers in the selection of appropriate protective actions. Another reason to conduct evacuation time estimate studies is to identify ways to reduce the evacuation time through the development of appropriate plans.

Stop Disasters 2.0: Video Games as Tools for Disaster Risk Reduction

Authors
Anthony Viennaminovich Gampell
Issue
August 2016
Description
Increasingly, international organisations (e.g. UNESCO, UNISDR), governments (e.g. Canada), and non-government organisations (NGOs) (e.g. Save the Children, Christian Aid) and researchers use video games to raise disaster and disaster risk reduction (DRR) awareness. Yet, there is a paucity of studies on these games in the disaster literature. This article presents a typology specifically designed to deconstruct both disaster awareness building and mainstream disaster orientated video games, identifying how games like Stop Disasters, Disaster Watch, Inside Haiti, Earthquake Response, Fallout and SimCity instil disaster awareness, portray hazards, vulnerabilities, capacities, disasters and DRR. The article also touches upon ideas of game content, player motivation, skill building and social interaction in the context of disaster themed video games. The findings suggest video games have the potential to be positive tools to reinforce messages surrounding DRR, though further research is necessary. This article sets an agenda for future research.

Strange Bed Partners: Thoughts On The London Bombings Of July 2005 And The Link With The Indian Ocean Tsunami Of December 26th 2004.

Authors
Joseph Scanlon
Issue
August 2005
Description
Strange Bed Partners: Thoughts On The London Bombings Of July 2005 And The Link With The Indian Ocean Tsunami Of December 26th 2004.\r\nAuthor: Joe Scanlon\r\nPages: 149-158

Strengthening Hazard Resilience: Building Capacity by Empowering Marginalized Women

Authors
Robin L. Ersing and Kiki Caruson
Issue
August 2017
Description
The empowerment of women to promote disaster risk reduction is a global concern. Poverty and gender inequality lead to a significant increase in a woman’s vulnerability to a disaster event, with female loss of life significantly more likely. This article explores the experiences of women living in impoverished migrant settlements in Ghana, and their efforts to overcome natural hazards and man-made crises through the mobilization of local assets and social networks. Using a community-based participatory research approach, a series of focus groups were convened in Greater Accra and the Volta Basin region to gather a comprehensive reporting of the culturally situated strategies used by marginalized women to enhance disaster resiliency. An assessment of two community-based organizations serving this population provided a context to leverage local assets and resources. The women’s experiences informed the development of a resiliency toolkit—the Global Hazard Resilience through Opportunities for Women (GHROW) toolkit—that contains methods for raising awareness, best practices, and capacity building strategies to support women as positive agents of change and leaders in disaster risk reduction.

Structural Change in Disaster Preparedness Networks

Authors
Richard A. Cougnon, David F. Gillespie
Issue
August 1993
Description
Structural change in a network of disaster preparedness relations is assessed using a staged two-point repeated measures survey. An earthquake scenario simulates a sudden and dramatic jolt to the network. Measures of horizontal and vertical differentiation are found to be sensitive to structural change in the network. We conclude that disaster theory of interorganizational relations is advanced by using network analysis to specify and test hypotheses about different types of change.

Structured Meeting Techniques that Identify Emergency Management Issues Practitioners Really Want to See Addressed

Authors
John F. Keeling III, George E. Ruberg
Issue
March 1993
Description
This paper introduces three structured meeting techniques that can be used to determine emergency management (EM) issues practitioners really want to see addressed. The secondary purpose is to list the benefits of using these techniques and provide recommendations for research based on three applications of the techniques.

Studies in Holland Flood Disaster 1953: An Essay on the Proto-Sociology of Disaster

Authors
Uriel Rosenthal
Issue
November 1988
Description
An essay on the proto-sociology of disaster.